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Is Cannabis Legal In The UK?

Yes! A legal prescription for cannabis must be issued by a specialist doctor registered with the General Medical Council (GMC). It's important to note that while medical cannabis is legally prescribed, recreational use remains illegal in the UK.

When prescribed in the form of dry herb flower, consumption is restricted to a dry-herb vaporizer and is not permitted through methods such as bongs, pipes, joints, or any other form of combustion.

Medical cannabis is accessible in various forms, including dry herb flower, oils, vape cartridges, capsules, and inhalers.


UK Medical Cannabis Laws

Since November 1st, 2018, the United Kingdom has witnessed the legalization of cannabis for medicinal purposes. In an effort to distinguish medical cannabis from its recreational counterpart, the UK government coined the term "CBPM" (Cannabis Based Prescription Medication) for cannabis prescribed for medical use. These CBPMs fall under the classification of Schedule 2 drugs as per the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. This categorization enables healthcare professionals, specifically doctors registered with the General Medical Council (GMC), to prescribe CBPMs as Specials medication. Moreover, general practitioners (GPs) have the authority to prescribe CBPMs through a shared care agreement, contributing to broader access for patients in need.

It is crucial to recognize that certain controlled substances, such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), maintain their status as Schedule 1 drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, unless they are deemed exempt products or part of cannabis-based products specifically prescribed for medicinal use in humans (CBPMs). This stringent classification reaffirms the legal prohibition on the possession and supply of Schedule 1 drugs, emphasizing the clear distinction between recreational and medicinal applications of cannabis. As a result, the legal framework surrounding medical cannabis underscores the importance of adherence to prescribed guidelines and the involvement of qualified medical professionals in the process.

The introduction of medicinal cannabis into the UK's legal landscape marks a significant step forward in addressing the therapeutic needs of patients. With the establishment of CBPMs, patients can access cannabis-based prescription medications, including forms such as dry herb flower, oils, vape cartridges, capsules, and inhalers. This regulatory framework prioritizes patient well-being while ensuring that medical cannabis remains under the purview of healthcare professionals and within the bounds of legal and ethical standards.

How Can I Protect Myself From Police Discrimination?

To safeguard against potential issues, here are some recommended actions for medical cannabis patients:

  1. Adhere to the instructions on your prescription. If prescribed dried cannabis flower, using a dry herb vaporizer like the MHRA-approved Mighty Medic or Volcano Medic is necessary, as combustion (smoking) is not considered medically appropriate.

  2. Store your prescription medication in its original container or packaging with the dispensing label intact.

  3. Maintain a printed copy of your recent clinic letter or a duplicate of your FP10 prescription alongside your medication.

  4. Carry photo identification (such as Passport, Driving License, or 'PASS' ID) when taking your prescription medication in public.

  5. Show respect for people and venues you visit. Seek permission before using your medication or vaporizer in indoor public spaces. While some locations may permit this, it's generally advisable to utilize designated smoking/vaping areas when consuming medical cannabis.

Note: The CanCard or other forms of identification are not recognized by the DHSC as valid methods for verifying a prescription. Presenting such cards instead of the recommended information could potentially lead patients into legal trouble.

Taking Medical Cannabis To Public Venues

Using your vaporizer indoors is prohibited unless you obtain permission from the venue's owner or management. However, you are permitted to carry your medication, provided you have the appropriate documents accompanying it.


As a disabled individual, you have the right to reasonable adjustments under the Equality Act 2010 to accommodate your medicinal use. This may involve identifying a safe and suitable space within the venue's smoking area.

Can I Travel Abroad?

While the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes is permitted in the UK, it remains classified as a controlled substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. Therefore, when carrying your medical cannabis prescription during travel, it is crucial to adhere to both the guidelines established by the UK government and those of the destination country.

When departing from the UK with your medical cannabis prescription, it is advisable to possess a copy of the FP10 prescription or a letter from the prescribing clinic. This should be accompanied by the medication in its original container, complete with the dispensing label. It's important to take only the necessary amount of medication for the duration of your travel, keeping in mind that some countries may permit up to a three-month supply. However, confirming the specific regulations with the embassy of the destination country beforehand is highly recommended.

Recognizing that cannabis possession is illegal in numerous countries and may lead to severe consequences such as fines or imprisonment, it is imperative to familiarize yourself with the laws of the destination country before traveling with your medical cannabis prescription. Carrying a letter from your doctor or clinic, providing details about the medicinal use of your medication, is also a prudent measure.

Moreover, different countries may have varying import laws concerning prescription medicine and controlled substances. Therefore, it is essential to check with the embassy of the destination country before traveling with your medical cannabis prescription. It's worth noting that the level of cooperation from international countries regarding the transportation of medical cannabis prescriptions may differ in various cases.

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